Common name Olive
Latin name Olea europaea
Parts used leaves, fruit, oil
Olive is particularly sympathetic to the Digestive and circulatory systems.
Olive is cool and moistening. It is often indicated for the vata and pitta doshas
Olive is astringent and bitter
It soothes irritated and inflamed conditions such as indigestion, gastritis, and ulcers, and is slightly laxative.
Additionally it’s antioxidant properties make cell membranes more stable and less susceptible to destruction.
According to Greek myth, the city of Athens was won by Athena in a contest with Poseidon. They were challenged to give the people the most useful gift. Poseidon’s was a salt spring and Athena’s was an olive tree. It is said that the very tree continued to grow in the Acropolis for centuries until the Persians burnt it to the ground but then the same day it grew again. The olive is sacred to Athena and to the city of Athens and an olive tree appeared on Athenian coins.
Hot and Moist Climates with rocky soil